High Tibial Osteotomy (HTO)
HTO is an osteotomy procedure for bowlegged patients. The tibia (shin) is cut and straightened out, then held in place with a plate and screws. It is performed for localized arthritis on the inside part of the knee.
Distal Femoral Osteotomy (DFO)
Similar to the HTO, but used for the treatment of knock-kneed patients with arthritis of the lateral (outside) part of the knee. Here, the femur (thighbone) is cut and straightened.
Tibial Tubercle Osteotomy (TTO)
The procedure is useful for the treatment of patellar dislocations as well as for specific areas of arthritis behind the kneecap.